Tribute to a Maestro
Celebrating his centenary birth anniversary, we pay our humble tribute to the man ahead of his times, Ustad Ameer Khan.
Sophisticated in thought and expression, Ameer Khan became an icon for purists. In the 30 odd years since his death, his music continues to command a large following among khayaliyas.
His serene, tranquil and contemplative music rested on an incredible intellect. Born in a family of musicians in Indore in 1912, he was brought up in the rich musical atmosphere of Indore, where the Royal court had appreciable patronage for Hindustani classical vocal music. Ameer Khan was mentored by his father, Ustad Shahmir Khan. However, his formative years saw the young Ameer experiencing a steadily growing interest in the gayaki of Ustad Rajab Ali Khan, whose mehfils were frequent in town and also that of the other Kirana giant, Ustad Abdul Waheed Khan. He drew inspiration from Ustad Aman Ali Khan of Bhendibazar too and in course of time, through arduous riyaz, he developed a unique gayaki bearing his own exclusive style. The culmination of influences and impressions filtered through his highly sensitive understanding which was in perfect accord with the natural quality of his voice and his aesthetic individuality, gave birth to a style that was a rare combination of spirituality, technique, serenity and emotion. He presented this with an understated elegance, restrained passion and an utter lack of showmanship that both moved and awed his listeners.
The dominant element in his music was the Merukhand system of Raga progression which did not remain a mere technique but became a vehicle of expression for him. Ameer Khan`s singing struck a perfect balance between the easy paced and highly evocative vistars on one hand and very difficult and speedy taan-sargams on the other. He wrote and set to tune several khayals and composed a number of taranas.
As a musician, he was open to new ideas and re-invented his vocalism in the latter part of his musical career. The influence of the Kirana maestro Ustad Abdul Waheed Khan is predominant in his early recordings. In the later phase of his career, the expansion of the Raga almost always employed the lower octave phrases as complimentary to the progression in the normal scale. This was a distinct departure from the usual singing style of all gharanas including Kirana gharana.
Ameer Khan was known as the emperor of Khayal and never sang Thumri in his concerts. But his rendition of Khamaj Thumri in the famous film `Khudita Pashaan`,mesmerized everyone at the intensity of emotion he could create in this genre also.
He was awarded the Padma Bhushan and the Sangeet Natak Akademi award by the President of India. His disciples included the likes of Pandit Amarnath, Prodyumna Mukherjee, Kankana Banerjee, Shrikant Bakre, Shankar Mazumdar etc. and many more vocalists all over the country who were deeply influenced by his style and gayaki.
His sudden death in 1974 in a car accident created a permanent void in the world of Hindustani music.