Raga Online

Raga Online

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Glossary

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
  • Acchop raga
    Lesser Raaga
  • Aftab-e-Mousiqui
    An honourable title conferred on an eminent musician.
  • Alaap/Alapchari
    Gradual unfolding and development of a raga through monosyllables and without a fixed composition.
  • Alankar
    Notes and other features which prominently indicate a raga.
  • Ang
    Limb or part ; Raga-ang indicates towards the root to which a given raga might belong.
  • Apabhramsa
    Distortion of language.
  • Bandish
    A composition that is bound within the frame of a raga. The text, normally in Brijbhasha, provides space for musical elaboration through a felicitous selection of vowels.
  • Baithak
    Informal music session within the close proximity of the performer.
  • Bhajan
    Devotional compositions.
  • Bandish
    A composition that is bound within the frame of a raga. The text, normally in Brijbhasha, provides space for musical elaboration through a felicitous selection of vowels.
  • Barhat
    Development of a Raga.
  • Bol
    Text of the lyrics
  • Bol Bant
    Rhythmic variations in Dhrupad or Khayal with the text of the song.
  • Brajbhasha
    A dialect of Hindi spoken around Mathura in U.P.
  • Chaiti
    Folk songs of Uttar Pradesh, sung in the month of Chaitra (March - April).
  • Chaturang
    Composition with four distinct features - Khayal, bols of tabla, sargam and tarana.
  • Dhol
    A drum popularly used for light forms of music.
  • Dhrupad
    Ancient,structured form of classical music reigning supreme for centuries in North India before the advent of Khayal.
  • Dadra
    Form of semi-classical compositions / idiom.
  • Deshi
    A regional version of music, more flexible than the classical style.
  • Dhak
    A drum instrument mainly prevalent in Bengal, essentially used during festive season.
  • Dhamar
    Ancient form of music set to Dhamar tala of the beats, the text describing colour play between Krishna and Radha and the inhabitants of Vrindaban.
  • Drut
    Fast tempo.
  • Gamaka
    A melodic embellishment giving special vibratory effects.
  • Gayakee
    Style of singing.
  • Gharana
    A concept peculiar to Hindustani Classical music. 'Gharana' is comparable to a style or school of dance or music (vocal/ instrumental). The names of Gharanas are almost always derived from the city, district or state that the founder lived in. Various Gharanas adopted their own particular approach to presentation, technique and repertoire.
  • Gharana Gayakee
    Authentic style of singing following a specific gharana.
  • Gharenadar
    A musician belonging to a traditional school.
  • Gul
    Flower (Literally) - a feature of qawwali
  • Guru
    Preceptor who shows the life - path, guide.
  • Gurukul
    Abode or a traditional retreat where a guru teaches his students
  • HariPurana
    A Hindu scripture.
  • Jhalak
    Glimpses.
  • Jhoola
    Folk songs of Uttar Pradesh describing swings.
  • Kalidasa
    Famous Sanskrit poet.
  • Kajri
    Folk music of Uttar Pradesh sung during rains.
  • Khayal
    Imagination ; elaboration of a raga with lyrical composition consisting of two stanzas.
  • Layakari
    Use of different rhythmic patterns.
  • Meend
    Glissando, glide from one note to another, faintly going over the intermediate notes.
  • Mishra Raga
    Mixture of two or more ragas.
  • Mridangam
    Two-faced cylindrical percussion instrument used by Carnatic (South Indian) musicians.
  • Mukhdas
    First line of a song or composition.
  • Naqsh
    Impressive (Literally) - a feature of qawwali
  • NomTom
    Syllables employed in development of a Raga in alaap/alapchari.
  • Pakhawaj
    A cylindrical percussion drum instrument, right side having a treble face and the left side the bass. This instrument is for solo playing and also accompanies the Dhrupad singers.
  • Pandit
    Honorary title given to an expert.
  • Parampara
    Tradition.
  • Prabandha
    Perfectly composed piece of music.
  • Pukar
    A musical intonation using higher notes.
  • Purab ang
    Characteristics of style of music prevalent in the eastern Uttar Pradesh e.g. Benaras
  • Raga
    Aesthetically pleasing (Literal). The basis of Indian Classical Music, raga is a musical structure of five or more notes with an identity and mood.
  • Raga Lakshana
    Notes and other features which prominently indicate a raga.
  • Raga Vistar
    Elaboration of a raga.
  • Riyaz
    Practice.
  • Sadhana
    Practice with devotion.
  • Sadra
    Khayal composition set to slow Jhaptala.
  • Samay
    Time - period.
  • Sangeet
    Sam (together) + Geet (Song); earlier included vocal, instrumental and dance but now used only to refer to music.
  • Sangeet Natak Academi
    A prominent body consisting of eminent people of Music, Dance and Drama.
  • Sammelan
    Conference
  • Sarangi
    A bowed string instrument without frets.
  • Sargam
    Sol -fas.
  • Sarod
    A popular stringed instrument without frets.
  • Shastriya Sangeet
    Classical music
  • Shehnai
    A wind instrument resembling clarionet.
  • Shishya
    Disciple.
  • Shruti
    Micro Notes
  • Sitar
    A popular stringed instrument with frets.
  • Soz
    Emotional appeal; a kind of composition (Qawali) sung in praise of Hasan Hussain
  • Sufis
    Muslim saints and a community.
  • Surshree
    An honourable title given to an eminent lady musician.
  • Taan
    Musical notes rendered with speed weaving different patterns.
  • Taan Pradhan
    Prominence of taans.
  • Taan Samrat
    A title awarded to musicians who excel in the rendering of taans.
  • Tabla
    A pair of drums, the treble is played by the right hand while the left hand plays the bass.
  • Tala
    Rhythm - cycle containing a particular number of beats.
  • Talim
    Training, process of learning / teaching.
  • Tanpura
    A drone instrument , usually of four strings and is commonly used by vocal musicians.
  • Tap Khayal
    A blend of Khayal and Tappa.
  • Tappa
    A semi-art music developed in Punjab, created by Shori Mian - and later evolved into an intricate semi classical style with bol and taan thickly knitted at every possible step.
  • Tarana
    Idiom / composition using musical syllables based on Persian and Arabic phonemes.
  • Thaat
    10 different sets of musical scales with seven primary notes in order of ascent and in sequence only to help categorise the maximum number of Hindustani ragas under it.
  • Thumri
    Popular semi classical idiom.
  • Trivat
    Idiom / composition with three prominent features - sargam, bols of tabla and tarana.
  • Upanishads
    Old Hindu scriptures.
  • Urdu
    A composite Hindi-Arabic language evolved by Moghul soldiers ; mother tongue of Muslims and popular for its lyrical beauty.
  • Ustad
    Guru, Expert, honorary title given to a learned musician.
  • Vistaar
    Elaboration of a group of notes in a particular raga.
  • Vedas
    Earliest Hindu scriptures.
  • Vedangas
    Associated with Vedas (Old Hindu scripture).
  • Vilambit
    Slow tempo.
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